110. High rise building.- For the
purposes of this Chapter high rise building means a building having
more than four floors and or 15 metres of height from ground level.
111. Provisions to apply as modified for high
rise buildings'- In the case of high rise buildings, the
provisions in these rules elsewhere shall apply subject to modification
in this chapter.
112. Staircase.- (1) Every high rise
building shall have at least two staircases.
The height of the handrail in the staircase shall not be less than
90 cms. and if balusters are provided no gap in the balusters shall
be more than 10 cms wide.
113. Guard rails or parapets.- Every
slab or balcony overlooking any exterior or interior open space
which are 2 metres or more below shall be provided with parapet
walls or guard rails of height not less than 1.20 metres and such
guard rails shall be firmly fixed to the walls and slabs
may also be of blank walls, metal grills or a combination of both.
that if metal grills are used they shall not be made of continuous
horizontal members to prevent climbing on them:
further that guard rails shall not be made of glass or any similar
material which are not reinforced to prevent breaking.
114. Fire escape stairway.- (1)
Every high rise building shall be provided with a fire escape stairway.
Fire escape stairway shall be directly connected with public or
common areas on all floors and shall lead directly to the ground.
At least one side of the stairway shall be an external wall either
with large openings or with break open glass to facilitate rescue
operations during an emergency.
External fire escape staircase shall have straight flight not less
than 75 cm wide, with 20 cm treads and risers not more than 19 cm.
the number of risers shall he limited to 16 per flight.
The height of handrails shall be not less than 100 cm and not more
than 120 cm.
The use of spiral staircase as external fire escape stairway shall
be limited to buildings with height not exceeding 10 metres.
A spiral fire escape stairway shall be not less than 150 cm in diameter
and shall be so designed as to give adequate headroom.
Every opening provided
to ducts from the interior of a building shall be closed with strong
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117. Open space for fire fighting.-
Every high rise building, if it does not abut on two or more motorable
roads, shall be provided with a minimum of 5 metres wide open space
on any one of its sides contiguous to the road abutting it to facilitate
that if a road is available on the side which can be made motorable
by providing sufficient open space to make its width to not less
than 5 metres wide and space on that side is kept open by not constructing
any compound wall, fence or structure then no separate open space
as specified above need be provided.
118.Lift for residential apartments.-
Every high rise apartment building having more than 16 dwelling
units shall be provided with at least one lift capable of carrying
Provided that if only one
lift is required for the building as per the rule 48, that lift
shall be one capable of carrying a stretcher.
119. Parapets to terrace floor.- Where
access is provided over the terrace floor or to the terrace floor,
the edges of the terrace floor shall be provided with parapet walls
made of stable materials to a height of not less than 120 cms.
120. Structural design.- Application
for construction or reconstruction or addition or alteration of
any high rise building shall be accompanied by one set of structural
design, including that regarding seismic forces as per the provisions
contained in the National Building Code of India as amended from
time to time and drawings and a structural stability certificate
prepared and issued by a registered engineer.